1.There be 結構
eg.There are twenty girls in our class.have也解釋為“有”但是與there be有區別，它的含義是“所有，屬有”，其主語為某人。eg.I have a nice watch.
b.There be 結構中的be動詞要和后面所跟名詞保持一致。
c.There is a river near our school.否：There is not a river near our school.
問：Is there a river near our school.回答：Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
劃⑴How many rivers are there near our school?⑵What's near our school?
d.there be 結構的一般將來時，同學們較難掌握，其正確形式為：there is going to be
e.反意疑問句的構成：There is no water in the glass, is there?
①There is going to _____ a football match this afternoon. A.haveB.watchC.beD.play
②They were sure that they were going to ____ a rest.A.beB.haveC.be onD.on
eg.Mike has bought some foreign stamps. So has Bob.=Bob has bought some,too.
eg.Mother has never been to Japan. Neither has Father.=Father has never been to Japan, either.
eg.A:Mike is right in the classroom. B:So he is.=He is really in the class room.
⑴It's two weeks since we met last.(自從我們上次見面已有兩個星期了)
⑵How long is it since we left Beijing?(自從我們離開北京已有多久了
4.祈使句+and (那么)...eg.Go straight on and you'll see a school.=If you go straight on, you'll see a school.
5.祈使句+or...否則...eg.Work hard, or you will fall behind the other students.=If you don't work hard, you'll fall behind the other
6. The+比較級...，the+比較級... 越...越...
eg.⑴The more, the better. 越多越好。
⑵The harder you work on it, the better you'll be at it.(你越用功，你就越好。)
7.How do you like the film? =What do you think of the film? (你認為這部電影怎樣?)
eg.A:What have you done with the library book? B:I've just returned it to the library.
9.I don't know what to do.我不知道該怎么辦?I don't know how to do. ×
eg.⑴What's the weather like? 天氣如何?⑵What's your school like? 你們學校是什么樣的?
eg.What do you want a science lab for?=Why do you want a science lab?
12.one of +最高級+復數 最...之一
eg.Miss Zhao is one of the most popular teachers.
13.find it +形容詞+to do
eg.I find it useful to learn English well. (我發覺學好英語是很有用的)
find +賓語 +名詞eg.I find him a good boy. (我發現他是個好男孩.)
find +賓語 +形容詞
eg.I find the door open/closed. (我發現門開/關著) I find our bags filled with/full of presents. (我發現我們的包裝滿了禮物)
14.I don't think+肯定句 我想...不eg.I don't think I'll take it. (我想我不買它了)
15.prefer A to B=like A better than B 更喜歡A不怎么喜歡B.
eg. I prefer fish to chicken.= I like fish better than chicken
16.had better do sth.最好干某事.否定:had better not do sth.
特別注意:had better后面跟be動詞詞組,不可漏掉be.eg.You'd better catch a train.
You'd better not talk in class.You'd better not be late for the class.
17.It is good (nice)of+賓格+to do sth.
eg.It is very good of you to teach me English. (你教我英語真是太好了)
18.It takes sb. some time to do sth.(干某事化費某人多少時間)
=sb.spend some time on sth. (in) doing sth.eg.It took me half an hour to do the work.
=I spent half anhourin doing the work.
19.sb.pay 錢 for 物 某物化費了某人多少錢=sb.spend 錢 on 物 =物 cost sb.錢 , pay的過去式為paid 而不是payed.eg.I paid thirty yuan for the coat. =I spent thirty yuan on the coat.
=The coat cost me thirty yuan. 20.have been to 某人曾去過某地,現在人不在那兒
sb.have been in +地點 某人呆在某地(一段時間) have gone to 某人已去某地,人不在這兒
21.⑴ too…形容詞(副詞)+to…"太…而不能" "太…以致于不"
eg.①The basket is too heavy for me to carry. 這籃子太重我拿不動。②This colour TV is too expensive for us to buy. 這臺彩電對我們來說太貴了，買不起。
⑵so...that 如此...以致于...上面的too...to結構的句子，可以換成so...that 引導的句子轉換。①The basket is so heavy that I can't carry it. ②This colour TV is so expensive that we can't afford it.
22.What's the population of ...? ...人口有多少? 不說How much population in...?形容人口數量的大用large eg.The population of China is ten times as large as that of the USA
23.I've come to return your pan. (我跑來是還你鍋的) →Why have you come? 而不用What
eg.He says that he won't be free until tomorrow.他說他需到明天方才有空。 肯定句+until 到
eg.You'd better wait until tomorrow. (你最好等到明天)
25.neither...nor... 既不...也不...either...or... 或者...或者...
eg.Neither Tom nor his brothers know how to spell the word "hundred".
Either you or she is right. (謂語動詞就近原則)
both...and... 兩者都... eg.Both Jim and I are in Grade One (主語看作復數)
have是英語中最活躍的動詞之一，它與不同的詞搭配表示不同的意思。如：have a meeting(開會)，have a rest(休息)，have a class(上課)等。你可知道have構成的兩種特殊句型嗎?不看不知道，一看就明了。